Diet For A Dog Suffering From Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic endocrine disorder whose main characteristic disturbed equilibrium in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fat and protein of your dog. It is clinically manifested by complete or partial lack of insulin, the hormone which encourages pancreatic glucose uptake and has a role in regulating hemostasis protein fat and carbohydrates for all pets.
Diabetes occurs as a result of one or more factors, usually due to reduced insulin production or transfer because of impaired insulin. Main clinical symptoms are: increased thirst, increased urination, gluttony, weight loss, apathy, vomiting and nausea. Diagnosis is based on history, clinical examination, laboratory tests of blood-increased concentration of glucose in blood serum, and findings of glucose and ketones in the urine. At diabetes it is particularly disturbed carbohydrate metabolism, and the goal of therapy is to take advantage of suitable sources of carbohydrates.
If the concentration of glucose in the blood is not above 13, it is not necessary to inject insulin, but the situation may fix a special balanced diet. Recommendations for dogs who suffer from diabetes is to find delicious food of a consistent composition of nutrients, which should meet the following requirements:
-high percentage of complex carbohydrates (starch and fibers, 50-55%)
– without any simple sugars
-limited percentage of fat (20%)
-moderate percentage of protein (14-30%)
Some forms of fiber can be very useful for diabetics. Fibers slow down digestion in the small intestinal lumen, and this slow down the utilization of nutrients after a meal. Foods with a high percentage of fat can cause obesity and other complications so your dog should be avoid that. Your dogs only need for fat in the diet is that they supply the body with essential fatty acids and because it enables transport fat-soluble vitamins.
The truth is that fat gives a better taste of food, but should be reduced because the dog who suffers from diabetes can occur hyperlipidemia and other complications related to lipids. Protein in food should be moderate, and all proteins have to have a high biological value. Proteins are an essential ingredient of nutrition because they are involved in maintaining all bodily functions. Dogs suffering from diabetes may have secondary kidney damage however, moderate protein restriction is useful to limit the need for secretion of nitrogen waste products through the kidneys. Amounts of vitamins and minerals must be quite large, so it can compensate for a possible lack of vitamins and minerals in the body.